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Phenotropil (international name Phenylpiracetam, chemical - 4-phenylpiracetam) is a drug with a nootropic effect, in addition, it has psychostimulating, anticonvulsant, antihypoxic and antihypertensive properties. Has an adaptogenic effect on various stress patterns. Phenotropil prevents the overload of higher nervous activity during information overload in the experiment in higher animals, normalizes the daily biorhythm of the indicators of the sympathoadrenal system. It is a chemically enhanced piracetam formula.
Pharmacological action of phenotropil
Nootropic drug, has a pronounced antiamnestic effect, has a direct activating effect on the integrative activity of the brain, promotes memory consolidation, improves concentration and mental activity, facilitates the learning process, increases the speed of information transfer between the cerebral hemispheres, increases the resistance of brain tissue to hypoxia and toxic influences. It also has anticonvulsant and anxiolytic effects, regulates the processes of activation and inhibition of the central nervous system, improves mood. It has a positive effect on metabolic processes and blood circulation in the brain, improves regional blood flow in ischemic areas of the brain, stimulates redox processes, increases the body's energy potential due to better utilization of glucose.
Phenotropil increases the concentration of norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin in the brain, does not affect the GABA content, does not bind to either GABAa or GABAb receptors, and does not significantly affect the spontaneous bioelectric activity of the brain. It does not affect the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, exhibits an unexpressed diuretic effect, has anorexigenic activity when used as a course.
The stimulating effect of the drug is manifested in the ability to have a pronounced effect on motor reactions, in increasing physical performance, in a pronounced antagonism to the cataleptic effect of neuroleptics, as well as in weakening the severity of the hypnotic effect of ethanol and hexenal. The psychostimulating effect predominates in the ideational sphere. It has some analgesic effect, increasing the pain threshold. The adaptogenic effect is manifested in an increase in the body's resistance to stress under conditions of excessive mental and physical exertion, with fatigue, hypokinesia and immobilization, at low temperatures. Against the background of taking the drug, there is an increase in visual acuity, brightness and visual fields.
Phenotropil Improves blood flow to the lower extremities. Stimulates the production of antibodies in response to the introduction of an antigen, at the same time does not contribute to the development of immediate hypersensitivity and does not change the allergic reaction of the skin caused by the introduction of a foreign protein. With course use, drug dependence, tolerance, and withdrawal syndrome do not develop. The effect is already manifested when taking a single dose. Does not possess teratogenic, mutagenic, carcinogenic and embryotoxic effects. The toxicity of the drug is low, the lethal dose is 800 mg / kg.
Pharmacological properties of Phenotropil
This nootropic has a number of pronounced effects:
When should you use Phenotropil?
The drug phenotropil is relevant in bodybuilding, for athletes and athletes who experience exhausting and regular strength training, need improved limb mobility during competition and visual acuity. The drug helps a person to calm down and become balanced before the start.
The medication helps to fulfill all these tasks, for this reason it is often used by athletes, despite the official prohibitions of the IOC. Why don't athletes refuse such a medicine? Because of its excellent firming effects and also because the drug:
does not cause drug dependence;
does not possess mutagenic properties.
How to use phenotropil for strength and endurance?
Phenotropil for athletes is used according to the following scheme:
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